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ccapture.js: Library to Capture Canvas-Based Animations at a Fixed Framerate

CCapture.js – A library to capture canvas-based animations

CCapture.js is a library to help capturing animations created with HTML5 canvas at a fixed framerate.

  • What is CCapture.js and why would I need it?
  • Using the code
  • Limitations
  • Gallery
  • Credits
  • License

An example is probably worth a lot of words: CCapture.js with Game of Life 3D .

ccapture.js: Library to Capture Canvas-Based Animations at a Fixed Framerate

What is CCapture.js and why would I need it?

Let’s say that you finally have your amazing canvas -based animation running in your browser, be it 2D or 3D with the power of WebGL . You’ve been working hard to keep it fast and smooth. If you’re using requestAnimationFrame you’re aiming for a framerate of 60fps or, in other words, each frame is taking 16ms or less to render.

Now you want to record a video of it. Not a big deal, you can fire up a screen capture software that churns out a video file and be done with it. But what if you wanted to create an HD movie of your animation, and it simply cannot be rendered at higher resolutions because frames start dropping? What if you wanted to put all the quality settings up for the video? What if you wanted to push that particle count to 10 millions?

What if, indeed. What would happen is that you’d get a choppy video at best. At higher resolutions, fillrate is a bottleneck for most canvas -based animations. High quality settings or high number of elements may be only feasible on more powerful hardware.

With CCapture.js you can record smooth videos at a fixed framerate for all these situations, because it doesn’t run in realtime: it makes the animations run at a given, fixed framerate which can be specified. You can record animations at smooth and consistent 30 or 60fps even if each frame takes seconds to render. You can even take a 240fps capture and create motion blur with post-production software.

The only requirement is that you step your values per frame according to ellapsed time. In other words, don’t increment your variables with a fixed value each frame, but use an ellapsed time delta to adjust those incrementts. CCapture.js works by hooking the common methods for obtaining that ellapsed time: Date.now() , setTimeout , requestAnimationFrame , etc. and making them behave like a constant time step is happening, fixed by the specified framerate.

Methods supported so far:

  • Date.now , Date.prototype.getTime
  • setTimeout , clearTimeout , setInterval ( clearInterval pending)
  • requestAnimationFrame
  • performance.now
  • HTMLVideoElement.prototype.currentTime , HTMLAudioElement.prototype.currentTime

CCapture.js is more or less ryg’s kkapture but for JavaScript and canvas .

The library supports multiple export formats using modular encoders (`CCFrameEncoder):

  • CCWebMEncoder uses Whammy.js to create a WebM movie
  • CCPNGEncoder and CCJPEGEncoder export PNG and JPEG files in a TAR file, respectively
  • CCGIFEncoder uses gifjs to create animated GIFs
  • CCFFMpegServerEncoder usesffmpegserver.js to generate video on the server

Forks, pull requests and code critiques are welcome!

Using the code

Include CCapture[.min].js and Whammy.js or gifjs .

<script src="CCapture.min.js"></script> <!-- Include Whammy if you want to export WebM --> <script src="Whammy.js"></script> <!-- Include gifjs if you want to export GIF --> <script src="gif.js"></script> <!-- Include tar.js if you want to export PNG or JPEG --> <script src="tar.js"></script>

Or include the whole pack

<script src="CCapture.all.min.js"></script>

Or use npm to install the package :

npm install ccapture.js

To create a CCapture object, write:

// Create a capturer that exports a WebM video var capturer = new CCapture( { format: 'webm' } );  // Create a capturer that exports an animated GIF // Notices you have to specify the path to the gif.worker.js  var capturer = new CCapture( { format: 'gif', workersPath: 'js/' } );  // Create a capturer that exports PNG images in a TAR file var capturer = new CCapture( { format: 'png' } );  // Create a capturer that exports JPEG images in a TAR file var capturer = new CCapture( { format: 'jpg' } );

This creates a CCapture object to run at 60fps, non-verbose. You can tweak the object by setting parameters on the constructor:

var capturer = new CCapture( {     framerate: 60,     verbose: true } );

The complete list of parameters is:

  • framerate : target framerate for the capture
  • motionBlurFrames : supersampling of frames to create a motion-blurred frame (0 or 1 make no effect)
  • format : webm/gif/png/jpg/ffmpegserver
  • quality : quality for webm/jpg
  • name : name of the files to be exported. if no name is provided, a GUID will be generated
  • verbose : dumps info on the console
  • display : adds a widget with capturing info (WIP)
  • timeLimit : automatically stops and downloads when reaching that time (seconds). Very convenient for long captures: set it and forget it (remember autoSaveTime!)
  • autoSaveTime : it will automatically download the captured data every n seconds (only available for webm/png/jpg)
  • startTime : skip to that mark (seconds)

You can decide when to start the capturer. When you call the .start() method, the hooks are set, so from that point on setTimeout , setInterval and other methods that are hooked will behave a bit differently. When you have everything ready to start capturing, call:

capturer.start();

And then, in your render() method, after the frame is been drawn, call .capture() passing the canvas you want to capture.

function render(){     requestAnimationFrame(render);     // rendering stuff ...     capturer.capture( canvas ); }  render()

That’s all. Once you’re done with the animation, you can call .stop() and then .save() . That will compose the video and return a URL that can be previewed or downloaded.

capturer.stop();  // default save, will download automatically a file called {name}.extension (webm/gif/tar) capturer.save();  // custom save, will get a blob in the callback capturer.save( function( blob ) { /* ... */ } );

Note: you don’t need to .stop() in order to .save() . Call capturer.save() anytime you want to get a download up to that moment.

Limitations

CCapture.js only works on browsers that have a `canvas implementation.

Whammy.jscurrent version only works on a browser that supports the image/webp format. Exporting video is basically Chrome-only for now :( If you want to help to make it Firefox, Opera or even Internet Explorer compatible, please do!

gif.jshas some performance limitations, be careful if capturing a lot of frames.

The autoSaveTime parameter

Different browsers have different issues with big files: most break for big Uint8Array allocations, or when a file to downloads is larger than 1GB, etc. I haven’t been able to find a solid solution for all, so I introduced the autoSaveTime parameter, just to prevent loss of large files. If used with a webm/png/jpg capturer, it will automatically compile, download and free the captured frames every n seconds specified in the parameter. The downloaded file will have the structure {name}-part-00000n and the extension (.webm or .tar). The files inside the TAR file will have the right number of sequence.

Use an autoSaveTime value that give you a file that is small enough to not trip the browser, but large enough to not generate a thousand part files. A value between 10 and 30 seconds for a 4K capture I’ve found works best: just make sure the file is under 1GB. For most regular, viewport-sized or even Full-HD captures it shouldn’t be an issue, but keep in mind this issue.

Memory allocation and garbage collection

There’s some issues in which memory -mostly from accumulated frames- will not be freed, depending on the platform and the mood of the browser. If you run into non-sawtooth like memory profiles, and are running chrome, try running it with --js-flags="--expose-gc" . This way CCapture will run gc() every frame and memory consumption should stay stable.

Gallery

ccapture.js: Library to Capture Canvas-Based Animations at a Fixed Framerate ccapture.js: Library to Capture Canvas-Based Animations at a Fixed Framerate ccapture.js: Library to Capture Canvas-Based Animations at a Fixed Framerate

Credits

  • Slightly modified version ofWhammy.js (fixed variable size integer calculations)
  • Slightly modified version oftar.js (fixed memory allocations for many files)
  • download.js
  • Gif.js

Contributors

Big thanks tohugohil andGreggman!

License

MIT licensed

Copyright (C) 2012-2016 Jaume Sanchez Elias, http://www.clicktorelease.com

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