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nutz websocket nginx maven 配合使用

起因

很久以前,用jetty玩过websocket,为了nutz.cn的自动提醒功能,又实践了一次websocket.

websocket需要服务器端,nginx,页面端,同时配合,才能工作.

页面端

        var ws;   var WS_URL = window.location.host+"${base}/yvr/topic/socket";   if (location.protocol == 'http:') { // 需要特别注意的地方,根据http/https协议选不同的websocket前缀    ws = new WebSocket("ws://"+WS_URL); // 普通http用ws,全称WebSocket   } else {    ws = new WebSocket("wss://"+WS_URL); // https环境下需要wss协议,全称WebSocket Secure   }      ws.onmessage = function(event) { // onmessage 特指服务器端发送消息过来       var re = JSON.parse(event.data);       _replies_count = re.count;       var n = new Notification(re.data, re.options); // 这里使用了Chrome Notification API    n.onclick = function() {     location.reload();    };   };   window.setInterval(function(){ // 定时查询    ws.send(JSON.stringify({id:'${obj.topic.id}',replies:_replies_count}));   }, 5000); 

服务器端

// 省略import  @ServerEndpoint("/yvr/topic/socket") public class YvrTopicWebSocket {          private static final Log log = Logs.get();          @OnMessage     public void onMessage(String message, Session session) {         if (yvrService == null) // 从全局ioc容器取出需要的ioc bean             yvrService = Mvcs.ctx().getDefaultIoc().get(YvrService.class);         try {             NutMap map = Json.fromJson(NutMap.class, message); // 看页面端,发送过来的是json字符串             String topicId = map.getString("id");             int replies = map.getInt("replies");             Object re = yvrService.check(topicId, replies);             if (re instanceof Map) {        // 消息反馈回去, 会调用js中的onmessage方法                 session.getBasicRemote().sendText(Json.toJson(re));             }         }         catch (Throwable e) {             log.debug("message="+message, e);         }     }          YvrService yvrService; // 注意,并非注入 } 

Maven配置

编译依赖:

 <dependencies>   <dependency>    <groupId>javax.websocket</groupId>    <artifactId>javax.websocket-api</artifactId>    <version>1.1</version>   </dependency>  </dependencies> 

jetty插件需要的依赖

必须加websocket-server,否则不扫描websocket相关的注解

   <plugin>     <groupId>org.eclipse.jetty</groupId>     <artifactId>jetty-maven-plugin</artifactId>     <version>9.3.8.v20160314</version>     <configuration>      <jvmArgs>-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8</jvmArgs>     </configuration>     <dependencies>      <dependency>       <groupId>org.eclipse.jetty.websocket</groupId>       <artifactId>websocket-server</artifactId>       <version>9.3.8.v20160314</version>      </dependency>     </dependencies>    </plugin> 

Nginx配置

这个我也是后来测试才发现,需要加点东西, websocket才能传到后端去

                location / {                         proxy_http_version 1.1;  #版本也必须是http 1.1                         client_max_body_size 10m;                         proxy_pass http://nutz;                         proxy_set_header Host $http_host;                         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;                         proxy_redirect http:// https://;                         #add_header Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*";       # 下面两行是为了websocket特意加的.                         proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;                         proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";                 }  

分析一下YvrTopicWebSocket可否注入

在其构造方法打印堆栈信息,显示如下, 而且是第一次访问时才打印(即第一次访问时才创建对象)

java.lang.Throwable  at net.wendal.nutzbook.module.yvr.YvrTopicWebSocket.<init>(YvrTopicWebSocket.java:21)  at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)  at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)  at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)  at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:422)  at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:442)  at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.DefaultServerEndpointConfigurator.getEndpointInstance(DefaultServerEndpointConfigurator.java:36)  at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.pojo.PojoEndpointServer.onOpen(PojoEndpointServer.java:50)  at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsHttpUpgradeHandler.init(WsHttpUpgradeHandler.java:138)  at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:701)  at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1500)  at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(NioEndpoint.java:1456)  at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)  at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)  at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)  at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) 

可以看到是DefaultServerEndpointConfigurator这个类调用clazz.newInstance生成实例

该类的源码地址 http://grepcode.com/file/repo1.maven.org/maven2/org.apache.tomcat/tomcat-websocket/8.0.24/org/apache/tomcat/websocket/server/DefaultServerEndpointConfigurator.java/

依赖ServiceLoader加载的,但还没成功,明天再说了.

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