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Get File Extension

Question: How to get the file extension?

var file1 = "50.xsl"; var file2 = "30.doc"; getFileExtension(file1); //returs xsl getFileExtension(file2); //returs doc  function getFileExtension(filename) {   /*TODO*/ } 

Solution 1: Regular Expression

function getFileExtension1(filename) {   return (/[.]/.exec(filename)) ? /[^.]+$/.exec(filename)[0] : undefined; } 

Solution 2: String split method

function getFileExtension2(filename) {   return filename.split('.').pop(); } 

Those two solutions couldnot handle some edge cases, here is another more robust solution.

Solution3: String slice , lastIndexOf methods

function getFileExtension3(filename) {   return filename.slice((filename.lastIndexOf(".") - 1 >>> 0) + 2); }  console.log(getFileExtension3(''));                            // '' console.log(getFileExtension3('filename'));                    // '' console.log(getFileExtension3('filename.txt'));                // 'txt'    console.log(getFileExtension3('.hiddenfile'));                 // '' console.log(getFileExtension3('filename.with.many.dots.ext')); // 'ext' 

How does it works?

  • String.lastIndexOf() method returns the last occurrence of the specified value ( '.' in this case). Returns -1 if the value is not found.
  • The return values of lastIndexOf for parameter 'filename' and '.hiddenfile' are 0 and -1 respectively. Zero-fill right shift operator (»>) will transform -1 to 4294967295 and -2 to 4294967294 , here is one trick to insure the filename unchanged in those edge cases.
  • String.prototype.slice() extracts file extension from the index that was calculated above. If the index is more than the length of the filename, the result is "" .

Comparison

Solution Paramters Results
Solution 1: Regular Expression ’‘
‘filename’
‘filename.txt’
‘.hiddenfile’
‘filename.with.many.dots.ext’
undefined
undefined
‘txt’
‘hiddenfile’
‘ext’
Solution 2: String split ’‘
‘filename’
‘filename.txt’
‘.hiddenfile’
‘filename.with.many.dots.ext’
’’
‘filename’
‘txt’
‘hiddenfile’
‘ext’
Solution 3: String slice , lastIndexOf ’‘
‘filename’
‘filename.txt’
‘.hiddenfile’
‘filename.with.many.dots.ext’
’’
‘’
‘txt’
‘’
‘ext’

Live Demo and Performance

Here is the live demo of the above codes.

Here is the performance test of those 3 solutions.

Source

How can I get file extensions with JavaScript

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