Amazon HPC cluster environment StarCluster
This project allows the user to easy install and start a HPC cluster on Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).
- Amazon AWS account ( https://console.aws.amazon.com/ )
- Second user Amazon AWS with AmazonEC2FullAccess
Amazon account settings
Create new user
Connect to Security Credentials Amazon console .
- Users -> Create New Users -> Enter User Name -> Create
- Users -> Select the user -> Attacj Policy -> AmazonEC2FullAcces
- Users -> Select the user -> Security Credentials -> Create Access Key -> Download Credentials.csv
Start a new cluster
Connect to AWS Amazon console for N. Virginia .
Launch new t2.micro istance of Ubuntu machine.
- Instances -> Launch Instance -> Select Ubuntu Server -> Select t2.micro (Free tier eligible) -> Review and Launch -> Create new keypair ssh access (store it and don’t lost) -> Launch
Connect to the remote machine.
- Instances -> Select the created machine -> Edit the Name field, naming this machine "Controller"
- Right click on the machine and select connect, follow the suggested steps.
ssh -i "test.pem" firstname.lastname@example.org
Copy the credentials.csv on the machine.
scp -i "test.pem" credentials.csv email@example.com:
Downloads the script and the config file.
Connect through SSH to the "Controller" machine and run the installation script.
Start new cluster
startcluster start test
Terminate star cluter
startcluster terminate test
How to change the size of the cluster?
In the config file change the variable
How many nodes could we run?
This script use the t2.micro instance of EC2 eligible for free. In the section Limits you can see the maximum number of instances that is possible to run (default is 20). Is possible to require the limit increase to the Amazon support. With basic account you can use the t2.micro instance, but if you are student you can ask for some credits to run other kind of instances.
Some important command of startcluster are:
- start: Start a new cluster
- stop: Stop a running EBS-backed cluster
- terminate: Terminate a running or stopped cluster
- restart, reboot: Restart an existing cluster
- listclusters, lc: List all active clusters
- sshmaster, sm: SSH to a cluster’s master node
- sshnode, sn: SSH to a cluster node
- put: Copy files to a running cluster
- get: Copy one or more files from a running cluster to your local machine
Each node are equipped with
StarCluster Ubuntu 12.04 AMI
Software Tools for Academics and Researchers (STAR)
Mailing list: firstname.lastname@example.org
This AMI Contains:
- NVIDIA Driver 313.26
- NVIDIA CUDA Toolkit 5.0, V0.2.1221
- PyCuda/PyOpenCL 2012.1
- MAGMA 1.3.0
- Open Grid Scheduler (OGS – formerly SGE) queuing system
- Condor workload management system
- OpenMPI compiled with Open Grid Scheduler support
- OpenBLAS – Highly optimized Basic Linear Algebra Routines
- NumPy/SciPy linked against OpenBLAS
- Julia linked against OpenBLAS
- IPython 0.13 with parallel support
- and more! (use ‘dpkg -l’ to show all installed packages)
Open Grid Scheduler/Condor cheat sheet:
- qstat/condor_q – show status of batch jobs
- qhost/condor_status- show status of hosts, queues, and jobs
- qsub/condor_submit – submit batch jobs (e.g. qsub -cwd ./job.sh)
- qdel/condor_rm – delete batch jobs (e.g. qdel 7)
- qconf – configure Open Grid Scheduler system
Basic Test installation with OpenMPI
- Connect to the master of the HPC cluster from Controller machine.
starcluster sshmaster test
- Create the file test.c
#include <mpi.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(int argc, char** argv) // Initialize the MPI environment MPI_Init(NULL, NULL); // Get the number of processes int world_size; MPI_Comm_size(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &world_size); // Get the rank of the process int world_rank; MPI_Comm_rank(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &world_rank); // Get the name of the processor char processor_name[MPI_MAX_PROCESSOR_NAME]; int name_len; MPI_Get_processor_name(processor_name, &name_len); // Print off a hello world message printf("Hello world from processor %s, rank %d" " out of %d processors/n", processor_name, world_rank, world_size); // Finalize the MPI environment. MPI_Finalize(); }
Compile the file
mpicc test.c -o test.out
Copy on all nodes the file, your node are named from 000 to N, (e.g. 001, 002…) see the file
scp test.out nodeX:
Run the example
root@master:~# mpirun -np 10 -host node001,node002 a.out Hello world from processor node001, rank 8 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node001, rank 0 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node002, rank 5 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node001, rank 4 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node002, rank 7 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node001, rank 6 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node002, rank 3 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node001, rank 2 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node002, rank 9 out of 10 processors Hello world from processor node002, rank 1 out of 10 processors```