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Difference between Scanner and BufferReader Class in Java

java.util.Scanner class is a simple text scanner which can parse primitive types and strings. It internally uses regular expressions to read different types.

Java.io.BufferedReader class reads text from a character-input stream, buffering characters so as to provide for the efficient reading of sequence of characters

Following are differences between above two.

Issue with Scanner when nextLine() is used after nextXXX()
Try to guess the output of following code :

// Code using Scanner Class import java.util.Scanner; class Differ {      public static void main(String args[])      {          Scanner scn = new Scanner(System.in);          System.out.println("Enter an integer");          int a = scn.nextInt();          System.out.println("Enter a String");          String b = scn.nextLine();          System.out.printf("You have entered:- "                  + a + " " + "and name as " + b);      } }

Input:

50 Geek

Output:

Enter an integer Enter a String You have entered:- 50 and name as

Let us try the same using Buffer class and same Input

// Code using Buffer Class import java.io.*; class Differ {     public static void main(String args[])                   throws IOException     {         BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new         InputStreamReader(System.in));         System.out.println("Enter an integer");         int a = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());         System.out.println("Enter a String");         String b = br.readLine();         System.out.printf("You have entered:- " + a +                           " and name as " + b);     } }

Input:

50 Geek

Output:

Enter an integer Enter a String you have entered:- 50 and name as Geek

In Scanner class if we call nextLine() method after any one of the seven nextXXX() method then the nextLine() doesn’t not read values from console and cursor will not come into console it will skip that step. The nextXXX() methods are nextInt(), nextFloat(), nextByte(), nextShort(), nextDouble(), nextLong(), next().

In BufferReader class there is no such type of problem. This problem occurs only for Scanner class, due to nextXXX() methods ignore newline character and nextLine() only reads newline character. If we use one more call of nextLine() method between nextXXX() and nextLine(), then this problem will not occur because nextLine() will consume the newline character. Seethis for the corrected program. This problem is same as scanf() followed by gets() in C/C++ .

Other differences:
  • BufferedReader is synchronous while Scanner is not. BufferedReader should be used if we are working with multiple threads.
  • BufferedReader has significantly larger buffer memory than Scanner.
  • The Scanner has a little buffer (1KB char buffer) as opposed to the BufferedReader (8KB byte buffer), but it’s more than enough.
  • BufferedReader is a bit faster as compared to scanner because scanner does parsing of input data and BufferedReader simply reads sequence of characters.

This article is contributed by Pranav Adarsh . If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article and mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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