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[iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库

[iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库

[iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库 [iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库 [iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库 [iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库

React-inspired swift library for writing UIKit UIs.

Why

from Why React matters :

[The framework] lets us write our UIs as pure function of their states.

Right now we write UIs by poking at them, manually mutating their properties when something changes, adding and removing views, etc. This is fragile and error-prone. […]

[The framework] let us describe our entire UI for a given state, and then it does the hard work of figuring out what needs to change. It abstracts all the fragile, error-prone code out away from us.

Installation

Carthage

To install Carthage, run (using Homebrew):

$ brew update $ brew install carthage

Then add the following line to your Cartfile :

github "alexdrone/Render" "master"     

TL;DR

Render’s building blocks are Components (described in the protocol ComponentViewType ).

Despite virtually any UIView object can be a component (as long as it conforms to the above-cited protocol), Render ‘s core functionalities are exposed by the two main Component base classes: ComponentView and StaticComponentView (optimised for components that have a static view hierarchy).

Renderlayout engine is based onFlexboxLayout.

This is what a component (and its state) would look like:

struct MyComponentState: ComponentStateType {     let title: String     let subtitle: String     let image: UIImage       let expanded: Bool }  // COMPONENT class MyComponentView: ComponentView {      // The component state.     var componentState: MyComponentState? {         return self.state as? MyComponentState     }      // View as function of the state.     override func construct() -> ComponentNodeType {          return ComponentNode<UIView>().configure({                 $0.style.flexDirection = self.componentState.expanded ? .Row : .Column                 $0.backgroundColor = UIColor.blackColor()          }).children([              ComponentNode<UIImageView>().configure({                 $0.image = self.componentState?.image                 let size = self.componentState.expanded ? self.parentSize.width : 48.0                 $0.style.dimensions = (size, size)             }),              ComponentNode<UIView>().configure({                      $0.style.flexDirection = .Column                     $0.style.margin = (8.0, 8.0, 8.0, 8.0, 0.0, 0.0)              }).children([                  ComponentNode<UILabel>().configure({                          $0.text = self.componentState?.title ?? "None"                         $0.font = UIFont.systemFontOfSize(18.0, weight: UIFontWeightBold)                         $0.textColor = UIColor.whiteColor()                 }),                  ComponentNode<UILabel>().configure({                         $0.text = self.componentState?.subtitle ?? "Subtitle"                         $0.font = UIFont.systemFontOfSize(12.0, weight: UIFontWeightLight)                         $0.textColor = UIColor.whiteColor()                                      })             ]),              // This node will be part of the tree only when expanded == false. *             when(!self.componentState?.expanded, ComponentNode<UILabel>().configure({                 $0.style.justifyContent = .FlexEnd                 $0.text = "2016"                 $0.textColor = UIColor.whiteColor()             }))          ])     }  }

* This can also be accomplished with a StaticComponentView by setting the hidden property in the configuration closure.

The view description is defined by the construct() method.

ComponentNode<T> is an abstraction around views of any sort that knows how to build, configure and layout the view when necessary.

Every time renderComponent() is called, a new tree is constructed, compared to the existing tree and only the required changes to the actual view hierarchy are performed – if you have a static view hierarchy, you might want to inherit from StaticComponentView to skip this part of the rendering . Also the configure closure passed as argument is re-applied to every view defined in the construct() method and the layout is re-computed based on the nodes’ flexbox attributes.

The component above would render to:

[iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库

Lightweight Integration with UIKit

Components are plain UIViews, so they can be used inside a vanilla view hierarchy with autolayout or layoutSubviews . Similarly plain vanilla UIViews (UIKit components or custom ones) can be wrapped in a ComponentNode (so they can be part of a ComponentView or a StaticComponentView ).

The framework doesn’t force you to use the Component abstraction. You can use normal UIViews with autolayout inside a component or vice versa. This is probably one of the biggest difference from Facebook’s ComponentKit .

Performance & Thread Model

Render’s renderComponent() function is performed on the main thread. Diff+Layout+Configuration runs usually under 16ms on a iPhone 4S, which makes it suitable for cells implementation (with a smooth scrolling).

Live Refresh

You can use Render withInjection in order to have live refresh of your components. Install the injection plugin, patch your project for injection and add this code inside your component class (or in your viewcontroller):

class MyComponentView: ComponentView {     ...     func injected() {         self.renderComponent()     } }

Backend-driven UIs

Given the descriptive nature of Render ‘s components, components can be defined in JSON or XML files and downloaded on-demand. The ComponentDeserializer is being worked on as we speak .

Embedded

You can wrap your components in ComponentTableViewCell or ComponentCollectionViewCell and use the classic dataSource/delegate pattern for you view controller.

class ViewControllerWithTableView: UIViewController, UITableViewDataSource, UITableViewDelegate {       var tableView: UITableView = ...     var posts: [Post] = ...       override func viewDidLoad() {         super.viewDidLoad()          //ComponentTableViewCell works with 'UITableViewAutomaticDimension'         self.tableView.rowHeight = UITableViewAutomaticDimension         self.tableView.estimatedRowHeight = //..Setting this will dramatically improve reloadData() perf          self.tableView.dataSource = self         self.tableView.delegate = self         self.view.addSubview(self.tableView)     }      func tableView(tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int {         return self.posts.count     }      func tableView(tableView: UITableView, didSelectRowAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) {         self.posts[indexPath.row]... //change the state for the selected index path          //render the component for the cell at the given index         self.tableView.renderComponentAtIndexPath(indexPath)     }      func tableView(tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {       let reuseIdentifier = "PostComponentCell"       let cell: ComponentCell! =               //dequeue a cell with the given identifier              //(remember to use different identifiers for different component classes)             tableView.dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier(reuseIdentifier) as? ComponentCell ??              //or create a new Cell wrapping the component             ComponentCell(reuseIdentifier: reuseIdentifier, component: PostComponent())        //set the state for the cell       cell.state = self.posts[indexPath.row]        //and render the component       cell.renderComponent(CGSize(tableView.bounds.size.width))        return cell     } }

ComponentTableView/CollectionView

Although the approach shown above works perfectly, it does clashes with the React-like component pattern. ComponentTableView and ComponentCollectionView expose the same interface and work with a simple array of ListComponentItemType (see also ListComponentItem<ComponentViewType, ComponentStateType>: ListComponentItemType ). ComponentTableView/CollectionView takes care of cell reuse for you and apply a diff algorithm when the items property is set (so that proper insertions/deletions are performed rather than reloadData()).

The example below shows the use of ComponentCollectionView.

class ViewController: UIViewController {      // The item list.     var items: [ListComponentItemType] = [ListComponentItem<MyComponentView, MyComponentState>]() {         didSet {                 // render the list when the items change              self.listComponentView.renderComponent()         }     }      let listComponentView = ComponentCollectionView()      override func viewDidLoad() {         super.viewDidLoad()          // generate some fake data         self.createDummyData()          // configure the list component.         self.listComponentView.configure() { view in             view.frame.size = view.parentSize             view.items = self.albums         }          self.view.addSubview(self.listComponentView)     }      func createDummyData() {         for _ in 0..<10 {                  // ListComponentItem<COMPONENT,STATE> informs the list what component is used for the                  // given state.             let item = ListComponentItem<MyComponentView, MyComponentState>()             item.delegate = self             self.items.append(item)         }     } }  extension ViewController: ListComponentItemDelegate {      func didSelectItem(item: ListComponentItemType, indexPath: NSIndexPath, listComponent: ComponentViewType) {              // if the item is expanded we collapse it             if let item = item as? ListComponentItem<AlbumComponentView, Album> where item.state.expanded {                 item.state.expanded = false                 self.listComponentView.renderComponentAtIndexPath(indexPath)              // otherwise we remove the item from the list             } else {                 self.items = self.items.filter({ $0.state != item.state })         }     } }

Check the demo project!

[iOS] 启发自 React 纯 Swift 函数版 UIKit 封装类库

TODO:

- Proper documentation and getting started guide. - Deserialize Components and ListComponentItems from JSON/XML. 

Credits

  • React: The React github page
  • Few.swift: Another React port for Swift. Check it out!
  • css-layout: This project used the C src code for the flexbox layout engine.
  • Dwifft: A swift array diff algorithm implementation.
  • Backend-driven native UIs fromJohnSundell: A inspiring video about component-driven UIs (the demo project is also inspired from Spotify’s UI).

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