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Flatpak: the future of application distribution in Linux

Cross platform

Build and install the same app on different Linux distributions

Stable

Install and run the same app on different distribution versions

Secure

Apps are isolated from the host system and from other apps

How it works

Flatpak is based on some basic ideas.

Runtimes

Runtimes contain the dependencies that are used by apps. They are always the same, whatever Linux distribution is being used. They mean that apps no longer have to be updated to keep pace with distribution changes.

Bundles

Dependencies that aren’t in a runtime can be bundled as a part of the app. This makes it possible to use dependencies can be used that aren’t in a distribution, and to use a different version of a dependency than the one that’s in a distribution.

Sandboxes

Flatpak isolates apps from the host OS as well as from other applications. This provides security for users and a predictable environment for developers. (Some of these features are work in progress.)

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