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Seamless Phishing

Phishing attacks are a fact of life, especially for users of the largest sites – Facebook being the most common I’m seeing today. Pretty much everybody, from the SEC to antivirus companies have published guides on what users should do to avoid phishing – so I picked one at random and pulled out the key points:

  • 1). Always check the link, which you are going to open. If it has some spelling issues, take a double-take to be sure — fraudsters can try to push on a fake page to you.
  • 2). Enter your username and password only when connection is secured. If you see the “https” prefix before the site URL, it means that everything is OK. If there is no “s” (secure) — beware.
  • 5). Sometimes emails and websites look just the same as real ones. It depends on how decently fraudsters did their “homework.” But the hyperlinks, most likely, will be incorrect — with spelling mistakes, or they can address you to a different place. You can look for these tokens to tell a reliable site from a fraud.

This is from Kaspersky – unfortunately the advice is far from great, but it follows pretty closely to what is generally advised. It’s quite common for people to be told to check the URL to make sure it’s the site they think it is, check for a padlock, and if everything looks right, it should be safe. Except of course, for when this advice isn’t nearly enough.

Seamless Integration

Facebook allows for third-party applications to integrate seamlessly, this has been a key to achieving such a high level of user engagement. When accessing an application via Facebook, you end up at a URL like this:

Seamless Phishing

As you can see, the URL is *.facebook.com – as people would expect. It uses HTTPS, and not just HTTPS, but HTTPS with an Extended Validation certificate. It passes those first critical tests that users rely on to keep them safe. Let’s take a look at the page that URL points to:

Seamless Phishing

The header is from Facebook, as is the side-bar – but the rest of the page is actually an iframe from a malicious third-party. What appears at first glance to be a legitimate Facebook page, is actually a Facebook page that includes a login form that is being used for phishing.

Seamless Phishing

Everything looks right, the style makes sense, there are no obvious errors, the URL is right, and there’s the padlock that everyone is taught to look for. This is a fantastic phishing attack – not at all hard to implement, and it passes all of the basic checks; this is the kind of attack that even those that are careful can fall for.

Because of just how seamless Facebook has made their integration, they have opened the door for extremely effective phishing attacks that few normal users would notice. Anytime an application allows third-parties to embed content blindly, they are doing so at the cost of security. This shows the need for increased vigilance on the part of Facebook – doing a better job of monitoring applications, and that users need to be taught that going through a simple checklist is far from adequate to prevent attacks – as is often the case, checklists don’t solve security problems.

Thanks to @Techhelplistcom for pointing this out.

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