Ink is inkle ‘s scripting language for writing interactive narrative, both for text-centric games as well as more graphical games that contain highly branching stories. It’s designed to be easy to learn, but with powerful enough features to allow an advanced level of structuring.
Here’s a tasterfrom the tutorial.
- I looked at Monsieur Fogg * ... and I could contain myself no longer. 'What is the purpose of our journey, Monsieur?' 'A wager,' he replied. * * 'A wager!' I returned. He nodded. * * * 'But surely that is foolishness!' * * * 'A most serious matter then!' - - - He nodded again. * * * 'But can we win?' 'That is what we will endeavour to find out,' he answered. * * * 'A modest wager, I trust?' 'Twenty thousand pounds,' he replied, quite flatly. * * * I asked nothing further of him then[.], and after a final, polite cough, he offered nothing more to me. <> * * 'Ah[.'],' I replied, uncertain what I thought. - - After that, <> * ... but I said nothing and <> - we passed the day in silence. - -> END
Broadly, the engine is made up of two components:
- inklecate is the command-line compiler for ink. It takes one or more text files with an
.inkextension, and produces a
.jsonfile. It can also be used in play mode, for testing a story on the command line.
- The ink runtime engine is a C# library that can be used within Unity or any other C# environment.
We also have an ink Unity integration package so that you don’t have to worry about the details of how to compile your ink files for Unity games.
Warning: ink is in alpha. Features may change, bugs may be encountered. We’re yet to complete a project with this major rewrite of ink – it’s a work in progress!
If you’re happy to use Unity, we’d recommend following Writing with Unity , below.
If you would prefer a more barebones and technical approach, (or you aren’t using Unity at all), you can also compile and play ink stories on the command line.
Writing with Unity
- Download the latest ink-unity-integration package , or grab it from the Unity AssetStore, and place in your project.
- Create a
.inktext file such as
myStory.ink, containing the text
- Select the file in Unity, and you should see a Play button in the file’s inspector.
- Click it, and you should get an Editor window that lets you play (preview) your story.
- Follow the tutorial:Writing with Ink.
Using inklecate on the command line
- Download the latest version of inklecate (or build it yourself, see below.)
- Create a text file called
myStory.ink, containing the text
On the command line, run the following:
./inklecate -p myStory.ink
inklecate.exe -p myStory.ink
mono inklecate.exe -p myStory.ink
To run on Linux, you need the Mono runtime and the Mono System.Core library (for CLI 4.0). If you have access to the debian repository, you can install these using:
sudo apt-get install mono-runtime libmono-system-core4.0-cil
-poption uses play mode so that you can see the result immediately. If you want to get a compiled
.jsonfile, just remove the
-poption from the examples above.
Follow the tutorial:Writing with Ink.
Integrating into your game
Full article: seeRunning Your Ink.
For a sample Unity project, see The Intercept .
inkisn’t designed as an end-to-end narrative game engine. Rather, it’s designed to be flexible, so that it can slot into your own game and UI with ease. Here’s a taster of the code you need to get started:
using Ink.Runtime; // 1) Load story _story = new Story(sourceJsonString); // 2) Game content, line by line while(_story.canContinue) Debug.Log(story.Continue()); // 3) Display story.currentChoices list, allow player to choose one Debug.Log(_story.currentChoices.choiceText); _story.ChooseChoiceIndex(0); // 4) Back to 2 ...
- Xamarin , or Unity’s own version of MonoDevelop
- Load up the solution file –
- Select the Release configuration and choose Build -> Build All (or Build Solution in Visual Studio).
- The compiler binary should be built in
x86), while the runtime engine DLL will be built in
Note that the executable requires Mono on Mac or .NET on Windows. On Windows this isn’t a problem since it ships with .NET, but on Mac you need Xamarin for Mono. The
build_release.command file in the repo is a Mac script that will bundle up both Mac and Windows versions, and the Mac version will be bundled with the Mono runtime so that the end user doesn’t need Xamarin/Mono installed.
The development of ink
How to contribute
We’d of course appreciate any bug fixes you might find! Also see the roadmap below for future planned features and optimisations that you might be able to help out with.
We’re using GitHub issues both as a discussion forum and as a bug tracker, so create a GitHub issue if you want to start a discussion or request a feature, and please label appropriately. Or if you want to get in touch with us directly, email us .
We also have a public room in HipChat where you may find someone to help you:
In terms of related projects outside of the scope of this repo, we’d love to see the following since we don’t have time to do it ourselves right now, and we think it would substantially help the community:
- A more friendly install-edit-play flow for writers. For example, a downloadable GUI-based app with an editor pane on the left and a play pane on the right. Bonus points if the play pane automatically reloads the state of the story as you type!
- Unity template project to demonstrate how to set up a particular style of game.
Internally we’ve been thinking about the following. We can’t guarantee we’ll implement them any time soon though, or indeed at all!
- Punctuation and whitespace cleaner. Although the ink engine does the best it can at fixing various issues such including the right amount of whitespace, there are certain things that are hard or impossible to deal with, due to the text being inherently interactive and unpredictable. For Sorcery! and 80 Days we had a cleaning function which tidied up spacing and punctuation, and we intend to do the same with this latest version of the ink engine. A similar feature exists in HTML due to the inclusion of markup within text – for example, multiple spaces are collapsed down into one.
- Tighten implementation to prevent certain "features" that aren’t intentional (a wide class of bugs). For example, we currently allow content on the same line after the closing brace of a multi-line piece of logic.
- Other bug fixes!
- A scheme to split up the monolithic JSON output into smaller files that can be loaded on the fly in the runtime. This was necessary on Sorcery! and 80 Days as the quantity of content increased substantially, and we were running our games on low-end iOS devices at the time.
- Our implementation for the previous version of ink was to have two files: one huge text file with lots of JSON snippets that never got loaded in one go, and an index file, which contained byte offsets and lengths for all the compiled knots in the game. This worked pretty well, although it meant that the compiled JSON was still in one huge file.
- A possible alternative we could consider for ink2 is to (optionally?) be able to have a one-to-one mapping between source
.inkfiles and output
.jsonfiles, so that the size and arrangement is predictable and controllable.
- Some kind of enum / flag system. Design yet to be determined.
- General refactoring and improvements to code structure and optimisation of the compiler.
- Structured JSON-like data objects within ink format. Exact design still to be determined, but goals are for it to be a superset of JSON, so that it’s compatible, but can be simpler (a bit like YAML, though not YAML for various reasons). Would allow more complex hierarchical game state to be stored within the ink engine.
- Consider changing multi-bullet weave indentation to Python-style whitespace indentation. This would be a huge syntax-breaking change, but we’d welcome a discussion and/or an experimental implementation.
- Plugin architecture, to allow you to extract information from the ink while it’s being compiled. Currently there’s a basic example in the codebase, but it currently has to be built directly into the compiler, rather than via DLLs.
- Audio and localisation. Difficult problems that need some thought.
- Further succinctness improvements in JSON representation. We’ve rewritten it from scratch, but it could still do with a bit of work. Size can be a problem when you have 10MB+ of source ink, as we’ve had on past games.
See the architectural overview documentation for information about the pipeline of the ink engine, and a birds-eye view of the project’s code structure.
Newtonsoft’s Json.NET is included, and also has the MIT License.
The MIT License (MIT)
Copyright (c) 2016 inkle Ltd.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
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