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iOS Server Migration Plan

We were stuck on an "old" version of xcode in the build servers. This hasn’t been a big deal for most features but in some cases we are running into issues e.g. in using the full capabilities of the new iPad or 3d touch. The reason for this is Apples backwards compatibility policy.

Apple allows you to run an older version of xcode, but the newer versions of xcode always require the latest version of Mac OS X. The problem here is that the latest version of Mac OS X doesn’t support older versions of xcode so if we upgrade we won’t be able to support older versions of the build…​

Normally this shouldn’t be a problem, we already run fine on the latest version of xcode without a problem. However, you might inadvertently have relied on some behaviors or functionality of the old xcode e.g. thru native code, third party cn1lib or slight behavior variation.

Unfortunately, this means that once we upgrade there is no way to turn back. We’ll need to update the OS’s of the build servers and do this consistently so you will get consistent build results. This would also mean that some aspects of versioned builds will not work as smoothly as the new iOS build servers won’t have the older version of xcode in place.

The Migration Plan

We’ve setup a new build server as a "test pilot" to see that builds go thru as planned. You can/should test your app to see if it will be affected by the migration, please let us know immediately if there are issues!

If you don’t do this we will not be able to go back!

To test your app on the test pilot build server open the build.xml and search for the string "iphone" with the quotes . Replace it with "iphone_new" .

E.g. notice the targetType="iphone_new" line below:

<target name="build-for-ios-device" depends="clean,copy-ios-override,copy-libs,jar,clean-override">     <codeNameOne         jarFile="${dist.jar}"         displayName="${codename1.displayName}"         packageName = "${codename1.packageName}"         mainClassName = "${codename1.mainName}"         version="${codename1.version}"         icon="${codename1.icon}"         vendor="${codename1.vendor}"         subtitle="${codename1.secondaryTitle}"          targetType="iphone_new"         certificate="${codename1.ios.debug.certificate}"         certPassword="${codename1.ios.debug.certificatePassword}"         provisioningProfile="${codename1.ios.debug.provision}"         appid="${codename1.ios.appid}"         /> </target>

Assuming all goes well we will flip the switch and update some of the build servers to the latest OS. We’ll keep one build server around with the legacy OS and change it so you will need to explicitly send a build to it…​

This effectively means you will need to revert this build.xml change to keep building as the new servers will then use the "iphone" target. To build for the old build target you will need to do the inverse of the current change by sending a build to the "iphone_old" target.

We’ll support that for a while until we are convinced that the migration went smoothly at which point we will retire the server.

From past experience these things always generate issues for some developers that can sometimes take a while to resolve. That’s why it’s important to keep a legacy build server around. Unfortunately our experience here also taught us that once we provide a workaround people use that and don’t test the new update.

The nice thing about this switch is that most developers won’t really feel it. Your builds will use newer iOS capabilities without a single change made by you.

Bitcode

Probably the biggest issue with the migration is bitcode support which was introduced a while back. To understand bitcode you need to understand a bit of the background…​

iOS applications are really Mac OS app bundles. The natively compiled binary can contain more than one processor architecture and usually does. So by default when you build an iOS appstore build you are really building a 32 bit and 64 bit fat binary. Assuming you want to support the (Apple native) simulator too you will also need x86 binaries and this is just a partial list…​

When we look into more esoteric devices like the Apple Watch or TV things become more complicated and would obviously become worse as a result.

This is the problem bitcode aims to solve. Since Apple already uses LLVM which has an intermediate representation after compilation they might as well use that instead of the native OS executables. This would allow Apples servers to natively compile the app to any future processor platform without you changing your code…​ Effectively this is very much like a form of bytecode for Apples benefit.

Bitcode is required for Apple Watch apps and might become required for all apps in the future so it’s a good idea to leave it on.

The main challenge with bitcode is 3rd party libraries, if you use any of those they need to be compiled with bitcode support enabled otherwise the compiler will fail. Many libraries (especially older ones) don’t have bitcode support so you might need to update native code to include that functionality.

We intend to offer a flag to disable bitcode before we go into production with this version, however right now it’s not in the current version.

Zlib QR/Barcode Support

A while back we announced that we are removing the QR/Bar code support from Codename One and moving it to an external library. We deprecated the API’s and starting from recent builds you will no longer be able to use the builtin API.

Zlib uses a native library that doesn’t support the new bitcode architecture expected in iOS. So once we removed it Codename One compiled without a problem with bitcode support turned on.

If you need support for QR/bar code scanning you need to migrate your code to use the new cn1-codescan library instead.

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