神刀安全网

全民安全站Let's Encrypt配置NGINX

ThoughtWorks2016年4月份最新发布的技术雷达对Let’s Encrypt项目的介绍:

从2015年,12月开始,Let’s Encrypt项目从封闭测试阶段转向公开测试阶段,也就是说用户不再需要收到邀请才能使用它了。Let’s Encrypt为那些寻求网站安全的用户提供了一种简单的方式获取和管理证书。Let’s Encrypt也促使安全和隐私前进了一大步,而这一趋势已经随着ThoughtWorks和我们许多使用其进行证书认证的项目开始了。

Let’s Encrypt发布最新数据,至今该项目已经颁发了超过300万份证书——300万这个数字是在5月8日-9日之间达成的。Let’s Encrypt是为了让HTTP连接做得更加安全的一个项目,所以越多的网站能够加入进来,则整个互联网也会变得更加安全。

本文是一个简单的Tutorial,告诉你怎样在NGINX服务器配置SSL实现网站的https:

登录到你的服务器上

保证你申请SSL的域名和服务器的IP是一致的,即域名确实是解析到你的服务器上的,可以使用nslookup命令查询。

nslookup www.yourwebsite.com 

Let’s Encrypt在给你分配证书时,会检查你所在的服务器是否和域名解析的服务器一致。

配置基本的Nginx设置:

server {     listen       80 default_server;     listen       [::]:80 default_server;     server_name  yourwebsite.com;      location ^~ /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {        default_type "text/plain";        root     /var/www/letsencrypt;     }      location = /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {        return 404;     }     ... 其他配置,例如     location / {       proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;     } } 

这里location配置了一个/.well-known/acme-challenge/路径,里面host了简单文件,我这里host了一个简单的html文件。原因是你必须证明,你拥有所请求的证书的域名。因为 Let’s Encrypt要求你host一些文件。

使用certbot申请证书

克隆certbot仓库: https://github.com/certbot/certbot

sudo apt-get install -y git sudo git clone https://github.com/certbot/certbot /opt/letsencrypt /opt/letsencrypt/letsencrypt-auto 

运行certbot提供的脚本获取证书

export DOMAINS="yourdomain.here,www.yourdomain.here" export DIR=/var/www/letsencrypt /opt/letsencrypt/letsencrypt-auto certonly --server https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org/directory -a webroot --webroot-path=$DIR -d $DOMAINS 

注意这里指定了一个webroot-path,他应该和上面well-known配置的root一样。

运行成功之后,你会看到下面这个提示

IMPORTANT NOTES: - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at   /etc/letsencrypt/live/letsecure.me/fullchain.pem. Your cert will   expire on 2016-XX-XX. To obtain a new version of the certificate in   the future, simply run Let's Encrypt again. - Your account credentials have been saved in your Let's Encrypt   configuration directory at /etc/letsencrypt. You should make a   secure backup of this folder now. This configuration directory will   also contain certificates and private keys obtained by Let's   Encrypt so making regular backups of this folder is ideal. - If you like Let's Encrypt, please consider supporting our work by:  Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate 

配置https证书

ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain.here/fullchain.pem; ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain.here/privkey.pem; 

完整配置

server {     listen 443 ssl;     server_name yourdomain.here www.yourdomain.here;     ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;     ssl_ciphers EECDH+AES128:RSA+AES128:EECDH+AES256:RSA+AES256:EECDH+3DES:RSA+3DES:!MD5;     ssl_prefer_server_ciphers On;     ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain.here/fullchain.pem;     ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain.here/privkey.pem;     ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:128m;     add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31557600; includeSubDomains";     ssl_stapling on;     ssl_stapling_verify on;     location / {       proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;     } } 

配置80端口跳转:

return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri; 

完整配置

server {     listen       80 default_server;     listen       [::]:80 default_server;     server_name  yourwebsite.com;      location ^~ /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {        default_type "text/plain";        root     /var/www/letsencrypt;     }      location = /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {        return 404;     }      location / {       return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;     } } 

证书90天过期

Let’s Encrypt证书会在90天后过期,需要配置脚本自动更新证书。

#!/bin/sh # This script renews all the Let's Encrypt certificates with a validity < 30 days  if ! /opt/letsencrypt/letsencrypt-auto renew > /var/log/letsencrypt/renew.log 2>&1 ; then     echo Automated renewal failed:     cat /var/log/letsencrypt/renew.log     exit 1 fi nginx -t && nginx -s reload 

开启定时任务Cron

sudo crontab -e 

编辑任务内容

@daily /path/to/renewCerts.sh 

转载本站任何文章请注明:转载至神刀安全网,谢谢神刀安全网 » 全民安全站Let's Encrypt配置NGINX

分享到:更多 ()

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址