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[iOS] 逐步骤教授如何实现可折叠表格区域及演示

How to Implement Collapsible Table Section in iOS

A simple iOS swift project demonstrates how to implement collapsible table section.

Demo

[iOS] 逐步骤教授如何实现可折叠表格区域及演示

How to implement collapsible table sections?

Step 1. Prepare the Data

Let’s say we have the following data that is grouped to different sections, each section is a Section object:

struct Section {   var name: String!   var items: [String]!   var collapsed: Bool!    init(name: String, items: [String]) {     self.name = name     self.items = items     self.collapsed = false   } }  var sections = [Section]()  sections = [   Section(name: "Mac", items: ["MacBook", "MacBook Air", "MacBook Pro", "iMac", "Mac Pro", "Mac mini", "Accessories", "OS X El Capitan"]),   Section(name: "iPad", items: ["iPad Pro", "iPad Air 2", "iPad mini 4", "Accessories"]),   Section(name: "iPhone", items: ["iPhone 6s", "iPhone 6", "iPhone SE", "Accessories"]) ]

collapsed indicates whether the current section is collapsed or not, by default is false .

Step 2. Design the Header and Cell

Select the Table View in the story board, choose Dynamic Prototypes and set Prototype Cells to 2 , one for the custom header and one for the row cell, and assign the Identifier to header and cell respectively.

[iOS] 逐步骤教授如何实现可折叠表格区域及演示

Add a UIButton (the toggler) and a Label to the header prototype cell, create a swift file which extends UITableViewCell and name it CollapsibleTableViewHeader.swift . The file is super simple, it defines two IBOutlets for the toggle button and label. Finally set the header cell class to our custom header CollapsibleTableViewHeader and link the IBOutlets.

Now the file should look like this:

import UIKit  class CollapsibleTableViewHeader: UITableViewCell {    @IBOutlet var titleLabel: UILabel!   @IBOutlet var toggleButton: UIButton!  }

By creating a prototype cell and subclassing UITableViewCell, we have the following benefits:

  • We can visually design the custom header
  • We shouldn’t need to create a nib and register it to the the tableView like so:
let nib = UINib(nibName: "TableSectionHeader", bundle: nil) tableView.registerNib(nib, forHeaderFooterViewReuseIdentifier: "TableSectionHeader")

personally I don’t like having nibs in my project and if we use dequeueReusableHeaderFooterViewWithIdentifier , seems like we must have at least 1 row in that section, but we need to have 0 row!

Step 3. The UITableViewDelegate

First the number of sections is sections.count :

override func numberOfSectionsInTableView(tableView: UITableView) -> Int {   return sections.count }

For the number of rows in each section, we use collapsed property to control it, if collapsed is true, then return 0, otherwise return items count:

override func tableView(tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int {   return (sections[section].collapsed!) ? 0 : sections[section].items.count }

We use tableView’s viewForHeaderInSection function to hook up our custom header:

override func tableView(tableView: UITableView, viewForHeaderInSection section: Int) -> UIView? {   let header = tableView.dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier("header") as! CollapsibleTableViewHeader    header.titleLabel.text = sections[section].name   header.toggleButton.tag = section   header.toggleButton.addTarget(self, action: #selector(CollapsibleTableViewController.toggleCollapse), forControlEvents: .TouchUpInside)    header.toggleButton.rotate(sections[section].collapsed! ? 0.0 : CGFloat(M_PI_2))    return header.contentView }

noticed that we register the touch up inside event for the toggler, once it’s tapped, it will trigger the toggleCollapse function.

Last, the normal row cell is pretty straightforward:

override func tableView(tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {   let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier("cell") as UITableViewCell!    cell.textLabel?.text = sections[indexPath.section].items[indexPath.row]    return cell }

And here is the toggle function:

func toggleCollapse(sender: UIButton) {   let section = sender.tag   let collapsed = sections[section].collapsed    // Toggle collapse   sections[section].collapsed = !collapsed    // Reload section   tableView.reloadSections(NSIndexSet(index: section), withRowAnimation: .Automatic) }

That’s it, please refer to the source code and see the detailed implementation.

More Collapsible Demo

Sometimes you might want to implement the collapsible cells in a grouped-style table, I have a separate demo at https://github.com/jeantimex/ios-swift-collapsible-table-section-in-grouped-section . The implementation is pretty much the same but slightly different.

[iOS] 逐步骤教授如何实现可折叠表格区域及演示

Author: Yong Su @ Box Inc.

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