神刀安全网

Kakapo.js – Next generation mocking framework in Javascript

Getting started

Kakapo its a full featured http mocking library, he allows you to entirely replicate your backend logic in simple and declaritive way directly in the browser. This way you can easily prototype and develop the whole Application without backend and just deactivate Kakapo when you go production. In order to achieve that Kakapo gives you a set of utilities like Routing, Database, Response, Request and so on…

Installation

$ npm i kakapo -D

$ bower i kakapo -D

Examples

Before going deep into the Kakapo docs, we want to show you some examples of how to use Kakapo in your apps, in order to demonstrate how easy to integrate it is

Basic

Use the kakapo router to declare two custom routes and returning custom data.

import {Router, Server} from 'Kakapo';    const router = new Router();  router.get('/users', _ => {   return [{     id: 1,     name: 'Hector'   }, {     id: 2,     name: 'Zarco'   }] });  router.get('/users/:user_id', request => {   const userId = request.params.user_id;   return [{     id: userId,     name: 'Hector'   }]; });  const server = new Server();  server.use(router);  fetch('/users', users => {   console.log(users[0].id === 1);   console.log(users[1].id === 2); });  fetch('/users/3', user => {   console.log(user.id === 3);   console.log(user.name === 'Hector'); }); 

Using the DB

Combine the usage of the Router and the Database to have a more consistent way of managing the mock data. In the following example we are defining the user factory and later using some access methods provided by the db.

import {Database, Router, Server} from 'Kakapo';  const db = new Database();  db.register('user', () => {   firstName: 'Hector',   lastName: 'Zarco' }); db.create('user', 10);  const router = new Router();  router.get('/users', (request, db) => {   return db.all('user'); });  router.get('/users/:user_id', (request, db) =>    const userId = request.params.user_id;   return db.findOne('user', userId); });  const server = new Server();  server.use(db); server.use(router);  fetch('/users', users => {   console.log(users[0].id === 1);   console.log(users[1].id === 2);   console.log(users[2].id === 3); });  fetch('/users/7', user => {   console.log(user.id === 7);   console.log(user.name === 'Hector'); }); 

As you can see, the database automatically handles the id generation, so you don’t have to worry about assigning incremental id’s of any kind.

Unchaining the Router

Next you will see how to use other features of the router and figure out the things you can build with it. In this example we show you how easy is to create a fake pagination handling, which is based in the actual requested page.

import {Router, Server} from 'Kakapo';    const router = new Router();  router.get('/users', (request) => {   const currentPage = request.query.page;   const count = request.query.count;   let users = []    while (--count) {     users.push({name: 'hector', age: 24});   }    return {     data: users,     metadata: {       previous_page: currentPage - 1,       current_page: currentPage,       next_page: currentPage + 1     }   } });  router.post('/users/:user_id/friends/:friend_id', (request) => {   const token = request.headers.get('X-auth-token');   const userId = request.params.friend_id;   const friendId = request.params.friend_id;   let message;    if (token === 'foo-bar') {     message = `successs friend: ${friendId} created for userId: ${userId}`;   } else {     message = 'Unauthorized';   }    return {     message   } }); const server = new Server();  server.use(router);  fetch('/users?page=1&count=3', response => {   console.log(response.data.length === 3);   console.log(response.metadata.previous_page === 1);   console.log(response.metadata.next_page === 2); });  const headers = new Headers(); headers.append('X-auth-token', 'foo-bar'); const request = new Request('/users/10/friends/55');  fetch(request, {method: 'POST', headers}).then(response => {   console.log(response.message); }); 

Fetch & XMLHttpRequest support

Kakapo have Fetch and XMLHttpRequest support by default, but you can always change that if you want, see the.

import {Router, Server} from 'Kakapo';    const router = new Router();  router.get('/users/', (request) => {   return 'meh'; });  const server = new Server();  server.use(router);  fetch('/users', users => {   console.log(users[0].id === 1);   console.log(users[1].id === 2); });  const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();  xhr.onreadystatechange = () => {   if (xhr.readyState !== 4) return;    const response = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);   console.log(response[0].id === 1);   console.log(response[1].id === 2); }; xhr.open('GET', '/users', true); xhr.send();  

Database candyness

Check how easy to build a consistent CRUD Api with the kakapo db.

import {Database, Router, Server, Response as KakapoResponse} from 'Kakapo';    const sever = new Server(); const router = new Router(); const databse = new Database();  database.register('user', faker => {   return {     firstName: faker.name.firstName,     lastName: faker.name.lastName,     age: 24   }; });  database.create('user', 5);  router.get('/users', (request, db) => {   return db.all('user'); }); router.post('/users', (request, db) => {   const user = JSON.parse(request.body);    db.push('user', user);    return user; }); router.put('/users/:user_id', (request, db) => {   const newLastName = JSON.parse(request.body).lastName;   const user = db.findOne('user', request.params.user_id);    user.lastName = newLastName;   user.save();    return user; }); router.delete('/users/:user_id', (request, db) => {   const user = db.findOne('user', request.params.user_id);   const code = user ? 200 : 400;   const body = {code};      user && user.delete();    return new KakapoResponse(code, body); });  const server = new Server();  server.use(database); server.use(router);  const getUsers = () => {   return fetch('/users').then(r => r.json()); }  const createUser = (user) => {   return $.post('/users', user); };  const updateLast = () => {   return $.ajax({     url: '/users/6',     method: 'PUT',     data: {lastName: 'Zarco'}   }); };  const deleteFirst = () => {   return $.ajax({     url: '/users/1',     method: 'DELETE'   }); };  getUsers() // users[0].id === 1, users.length === 5   .then(createUser.bind(null, {firstName: 'Hector'})) // response.id === 6, response.firstName === 'Hector'   .then(deleteFirst) // response.code === 200   .then(getUsers) // users[0].id == 2, users[4].id == 6, users.length == 5   .then(updateLast) // user.id == 6, user.lastName == 'Zarco'   .then(getUsers) // users.length == 5  

Passthrough

You don’t need to do anything in order to keep your existing request working as they were before. Kakapo will just passthrough all the request that doesn’t match any of the defined routes and fire the associated callback.

import {Router, Server} from 'Kakapo';    const server = new Server(); const router = new Router();  router.get('/users', (request) => {   return 'Kakapo'; });  const server = new Server();  server.use(router);  fetch('/users', users => {   users == 'Kakapo'; });  fetch('https://api.github.com/users', users => {   //Real Github users data });  

Demo Apps

TODO App

Every project needs a TODO App, so here is the Kakapo one. Straightforward vanilla js app, uses the fetch api for the networking part.

Check the demo or look at the code

Kakapo.js - Next generation mocking framework in Javascript

Github explorer

Basic github users search example, based 100% on the (Github Api)[https://developer.github.com/v3]. It shows you how easy is to replicate the logic of a backend with Kakapo and iterate faster when building the UI. This example also uses jQuery just to demostrate the compatibility with Kakapo.

Check the demo or look at the code

Kakapo.js - Next generation mocking framework in Javascript

Components

Server

The Kakapo Server is the main component of the framework, he is charge of activate things and link components like the router or the database.

Linking components

So, in order to make your router to start intercepting requests, you must connect him with your server using the use method. Also is a good practice to connect your current database with your server, that way you will receive her as a parameter in your request handlers. This practice is very useful when you have multiple databases and routers, since you can easily swicth them without rewriting anything, seesection

const myDB = new Database(); const router = new Router(); const server = new Server();  router.get('/posts', (request, db) => {   console.log(db === myDB); });  server.use(myDB); server.use(router);  fetch('/posts');  

Router

The Router class gives you the functionality to it has a very intuitive interface, so if you ever had to build any kind of rest api in any server-side language, you are already familiar with the Kakapo router. that allows you to define complex routes (like in a real server)

Method handling

Those are the supported http methods

import {Router} from 'kakapo';  const router = new Router();  router.get('/users/:user_id') router.post('/users/:user_id') router.put('/users/:user_id') router.delete('/users/:user_id') 

Request object

You can access to all the request properties through the request object passed in the request handler

router.get('/posts/:post_id/comments/:comment_id', request => {   console.log(request.params.post_id);   console.log(request.params.comment_id);   console.log(request.query.page);   console.log(request.query.count);   console.log(request.body);   console.log(request.headers); });  $.ajax({   url: '/posts/1/comments/5?page=1&count=10',   data: {text: 'Foo comment'},   headers: {'X-Access-token': '12345'} ) 

Options

Other useful router options are the host and the requestDelay , you just need to pass them at the initialization moment

import {Router} from 'kakapo';  const router = new Router({   host: 'https://api.github.com',   requestDelay: 2000 }); 

Database

Database along with the Router is also one of the most important components, if you learn how to use it properly you can reuse tons of code and become really productive, that’s why Kakapo promotes the use of the Database but you can still don’t use it and return whatever you want from the request handlers.

Factories

They come with Faker a cool library to generate fake data Just a brief example of what you can achieve with the db:

import {Server, Router, Database} from 'kakapo';  const router = new Router(); const database = new Database(); const server = new Server();  db.register('user', faker => {   const name = faker.internet.userName();    return {     name,     avatar_url: faker.internet.avatar,     url: `https://api.github.com/users/${name}`,     type: "User",     company: faker.company.companyName,      blog: faker.internet.url,      location: faker.address.city,     email: faker.internet.email,     bio: faker.hacker.phrase,     created_at: faker.date.past,      updated_at: faker.date.recent   } }); db.create('user', 10);  router.get('/users', (request, db) => {   return db.all('user'); });  router.get('/users/:user_id', (request, db) => {   return db.findOne('user', request.params.user_id); });  router.post('/users', (request, db) => {   return db.push('user', request.params.body); });  server.use(database); server.use(router); 

Relationships

Sometimes while mocking, you miss some sort of consistency in your responses. Let’s say you have a blog and when you ask for comments of a post you return a post_id that doesn’t match any of the post ids…

You can solve that using relationships, they are designed to help you create this consistent state across all your requests. The methods are belongsTo and hasMany

import {Server, Database, Router} from 'kakapo';  const server = new Server(); const db = new Database(); const router = new Router();  const blogFactory = () => ({   posts: db.hasMany('post'),   authors: db.hasMany('user', 2) //Notice how we expecify the author id, to force to return that record always }); const postFactory = () => ({   title: 'Js for the lulz',   body: 'html body',   blog: db.belongsTo('blog') }); const userFactory = () => ({   name: 'devlucky',   followers: 1000, });  db.register('blog', blogFactory); db.register('post', postFactory); db.register('user', userFactory);  db.create('post', 10); db.create('user', 5); db.create('blog', 1); 

Response

The Response object is a helper class mostly used inside the request handlers to provide rich responses to your real handlers

import { Server, Response, Router } from 'kakapo';  const server = new Server(); const router = new Router();  router.get('/user/:user_id', request => {   const code = request.params.user_id < 10 ? 200 : 400;   const headers = {'X-request-date': new Date().getTime()};    return new Response(code, {status: code}, headers); });  server.use(router); 

Serializers

This is another component very familiar in backend laguages, Serializers offers you a way to abstract the render part of your entities. In this example we cover a common case in which you have different versions of your Api and you want to represent that in Kakapo in the same way

const ApiV2Serializer = (record, type) => {   const id = record.id;   const metadata = {created_at: new Date()};   const attributes = Object.assign({}, record, metadata);    return {     id,     type,     attributes   }; };  const db = new Database();  db.register('user', () => ({   firstName: 'Hector',   lastName: 'Zarco',   age: 24, }), ApiV2Serializer);  db.register('comment', () => ({   text: 'msg' }), ApiV2Serializer);  

Interceptors

This component is the one that actually handles the original request, is a private one but you can configure it in the Router. Just pass strategies in the constructor, by default both fetch and XMLHttpRequest are used.

import {Server, Router} from 'kakapo';  const server = new Server(); const fetchRouter = new Router({   strategies: ['fetch'] }); const xhrRouter = new Router({   strategies: ['XMLHttpRequest'] });  server.use(fetchRouter);  //LATER  server.use(xhrRouter);    

Scenarios

The scenario concept is nothing else than the ability of having different presets of Kakapo, like router, database, etc… and later, allow the user to decide when he wants to use one of other.

Let’s say you want to check how the spinners looks in your app, in that case you probably will put a higher value as a requestDelay , to make sure that the requests are intercepted late and you can check the UI… other good use case might be one in which you want to test the performance of a view when you have thousands of elements, in order to achieve that you will just need to pass a hight number to the create method of the Database :

import {Server, Router, Database} from 'kakapo';  const userFactory = (faker) => {   return {     name: faker.name.findName,     age: 24,     city: 'Valencia'   } }; const usersHandler = (request, db) => db.all('user'); const wifiServer = new Server({requestDelay: 150}); const threeGServer = new Server({requestDelay: 1000}); const router = new Router(); const chillDB = new Database(); const stressfulDB = new Database();  chillDB.register('user', userFactory); chillDB.create('user', 5);  stressfulDB.register('user', userFactory); stressfulDB.create('user', 1000);  wifiServer.get('/users', usersHandler); threeGServer.get('/users', usersHandler);  //Pick the server with more latency if you want to check how the spinner looks like //server.use(wifiServer); server.use(threeGServer);  //Here you just have to switch between different databases in order to test the UI with tons of users //server.use(chillDB); server.use(stressfulDB);  

Fake data

As mention above, you can use Faker for generate fake data, take a look at the full demo here . Also note that you can define nested properties and use Faker on them:

db.register('user', faker => {   return {     user: {       name: faker.name.findName,       nick: 'nick'     },     company: faker.company.companyName,      location: 'Valencia, Spain'   } }); 

Browser support

Kakapo.js relies on WeakMap but we don’t ship a polyfill with the library because thecurrent support is fine and this library should only we used for development purposes never for production usage , anyways you can find a WeakMap polyfill here .

ROADMAP

Full suport for JSONApiSerializer

Node.js compatibility

Node.js interceptors

转载本站任何文章请注明:转载至神刀安全网,谢谢神刀安全网 » Kakapo.js – Next generation mocking framework in Javascript

分享到:更多 ()

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址