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Android 中Intent的Uri大解剖

Intent应该算是Android中特有的东西。你可以在Intent中指定程序要执行的动作(比如:view,edit,dial),以及程序执行到该动作时所需要的资料。都指定好后,只要调用startActivity(),Android系统会自动寻找最符合你指定要求的应用程序,并执行该程序。
★intent大全:
1.从google搜索内容

Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH); intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString") startActivity(intent);

2.浏览网页

Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);startActivity(it);

3.显示地图

Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");Intent it = newIntent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);startActivity(it);

4.路径规划

Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps? f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en"); Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI); startActivity(it);

5.拨打电话

Uri uri =Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL,uri); startActivity(it);

6.调用发短信的程序

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text"); it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms"); startActivity(it);

7.发送短信

Uri uri =Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123"); Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri); it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text"); startActivity(it);String body="this is sms demo";Intent mmsintent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,true);mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,true);startActivity(mmsintent);

8.发送彩信

Uri uri =Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");  Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);  it.putExtra("sms_body","some text");  it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);  it.setType("image/png");  startActivity(it); StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); sb.append("file://"); sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile()); Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null)); // Below extra datas are alloptional. intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT,subject); intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body); intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI,sb.toString()); intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,composeMode); intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,exitOnSent); startActivity(intent);

9.发送Email

Uri uri =Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);startActivity(it);Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL,"me@abc.com"); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text"); it.setType("text/plain"); startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND); String[] tos={"me@abc.com"}; String[]ccs={"you@abc.com"}; it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text"); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text"); it.setType("message/rfc822"); startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client")); Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text"); it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM,"file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3"); sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3"); startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));

10.播放多媒体

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);Uri uri =Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");it.setDataAndType(uri,"audio/mp3");startActivity(it);Uri uri =Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,"1"); Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); startActivity(it);

11.uninstall apk

Uri uri =Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null); Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri); startActivity(it);

12.install apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package","xxx", null);returnIt = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);

打开照相机

<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null); this.sendBroadcast(i); <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis(); String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg"; fileName = folder + name; ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName); values.put("_data", fileName); values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName); values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName); values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert( MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,values); Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri); startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);

14.从gallery选取图片

Intent i = new Intent(); i.setType("image/*"); i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); startActivityForResult(i, 11);

打开录音机

Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);  startActivity(mi);

16.显示应用详细列表

Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id"); Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); startActivity(it); //where app_id is the application ID, findthe ID  //by clicking on your application on Markethome  //page, and notice the ID from the addressbar  刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>"); 这个简单多了

17寻找应用

Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");  Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);  startActivity(it);  //where pkg_name is the full package pathfor an application

18打开联系人列表

<1>  Intent i = new Intent();  i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);  i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");  startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);  <2>  Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");  Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);  startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);

19 打开另一程序

Intent i = new Intent();  ComponentName cn = newComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2", "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");  i.setComponent(cn); i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");  startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);

20.调用系统编辑添加联系人(高版本SDK有效):

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);  it.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");  //it.setType(Contacts.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE); it.putExtra("name","myName");  it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.COMPANY, "organization");  it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL,"email");  it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE,"homePhone");  it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.SECONDARY_PHONE, "mobilePhone");  it.putExtra( android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.TERTIARY_PHONE, "workPhone");  it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.JOB_TITLE,"title"); startActivity(it);

21.调用系统编辑添加联系人(全有效):

Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);  intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");  intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");  intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);  intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");  intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE, Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);  startActivity(intent);

★intent action大全:

android.intent.action.ALL_APPS android.intent.action.ANSWER android.intent.action.ATTACH_DATA android.intent.action.BUG_REPORT android.intent.action.CALL android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON android.intent.action.CHOOSER android.intent.action.CREATE_LIVE_FOLDER android.intent.action.CREATE_SHORTCUT android.intent.action.DELETE android.intent.action.DIAL android.intent.action.EDIT android.intent.action.GET_CONTENT android.intent.action.INSERT android.intent.action.INSERT_OR_EDIT android.intent.action.MAIN android.intent.action.MEDIA_SEARCH android.intent.action.PICK android.intent.action.PICK_ACTIVITY android.intent.action.RINGTONE_PICKER android.intent.action.RUN android.intent.action.SEARCH android.intent.action.SEARCH_LONG_PRESS android.intent.action.SEND android.intent.action.SENDTO android.intent.action.SET_WALLPAPER android.intent.action.SYNC android.intent.action.SYSTEM_TUTORIAL android.intent.action.VIEW android.intent.action.VOICE_COMMAND android.intent.action.WEB_SEARCH android.net.wifi.PICK_WIFI_NETWORK android.settings.AIRPLANE_MODE_SETTINGS android.settings.APN_SETTINGS android.settings.APPLICATION_DEVELOPMENT_SETTINGS android.settings.APPLICATION_SETTINGS android.settings.BLUETOOTH_SETTINGS android.settings.DATA_ROAMING_SETTINGS android.settings.DATE_SETTINGS android.settings.DISPLAY_SETTINGS android.settings.INPUT_METHOD_SETTINGS android.settings.INTERNAL_STORAGE_SETTINGS android.settings.LOCALE_SETTINGS android.settings.LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS android.settings.MANAGE_APPLICATIONS_SETTINGS android.settings.MEMORY_CARD_SETTINGS android.settings.NETWORK_OPERATOR_SETTINGS android.settings.QUICK_LAUNCH_SETTINGS android.settings.SECURITY_SETTINGS android.settings.SETTINGS android.settings.SOUND_SETTINGS android.settings.SYNC_SETTINGS android.settings.USER_DICTIONARY_SETTINGS android.settings.WIFI_IP_SETTINGS android.settings.WIFI_SETTINGS android.settings.WIRELESS_SETTINGS

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【GitHub】https://github.com/xiaole0310
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