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手把手教你画饼形图

项目中需要用到简单的饼形图统计,我们就没必要去找什么开源的,可以尝试自己画一下。
效果:

手把手教你画饼形图
饼形图.jpg

通过该例子,你能学到什么:

  • 对Paint 深入理解,画绘制饼图,矩形,文字等

  • 加深对canvas的API的掌握,对自定义View掌握

    下面我们分七步来完成一个简单的饼形图绘制过程。

    1. 重新View的构造方法
    public PieView(Context context) {       this(context, null);   }    public PieView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {       this(context, attrs, 0);   }    public PieView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {       super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);       init();   }    private void init() {       mPieColorList = new ArrayList<>();       mPieValue = new ArrayList<>();       mStringList = new ArrayList<>();       mPaint = new Paint();       mMaxString = "";       mPaint.setColor(Color.BLACK);       mPaint.setStrokeWidth(10);//画笔宽度       mPaint.setAntiAlias(true);//抗锯齿   }
    2.绘制图形
    /**    * 绘制饼图    *    * @param canvas    * @param amount    */   private void drawPie(Canvas canvas, int amount) {       mPaint.setColor(mCurrentColor);       mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);       int angle = (int) (360f * amount / mMaxValue);       Log.d("angle", "drawPie: " + angle);       canvas.drawArc(oval, mStartAngle, angle, true, mPaint);       mStartAngle += angle;   }    /**    * 绘制矩形    *    * @param canvas    */   private void drawRect(Canvas canvas) {       if (mCurrentIndex == 0) {           rect = new RectF(mRectMarginLeft, mPadding, mRectMarginLeft + RECT_WIDTH, mPadding + RECT_WIDTH);           canvas.drawRect(rect, mPaint);       } else {           rect = new RectF(mRectMarginLeft, (mCurrentIndex) * TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING + mPadding, mRectMarginLeft + RECT_WIDTH, (mCurrentIndex) * TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING + mPadding + RECT_WIDTH);           canvas.drawRect(rect, mPaint);       }   }    /**    * 绘画文字    *    * @param canvas    * @param text    */   private void drawText(Canvas canvas, String text) {       mPaint.setColor(TEXT_COLOR);       if (mCurrentIndex == 0) {           canvas.drawText(text, mTextMarginLeft, mPadding + TEXT_SIZE * 0.8f - 5, mPaint);       } else {           canvas.drawText(text, mTextMarginLeft, (mCurrentIndex) * TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING + mPadding + TEXT_SIZE * 0.8f - 5, mPaint);       }   }
    3.Pie 实体类
    public class Pie {   public int PieColor;   public int PieValue;   public String PieString;    public Pie(int pieValue, String pieString, int pieColor) {       this.PieValue = pieValue;       this.PieString = pieString;       this.PieColor = pieColor;   } }
    4.xml引用
      <aikaifa.canvas.widget.PieView       android:layout_width="match_parent"       android:layout_height="200dp"       android:id="@+id/PieView" />
    5.填充数据
public class MainActivity extends Activity {     private ArrayList<Pie> pieArrayList = new ArrayList<>();     private String[] arr = {"C#", "C", "C++", "JAVA", "JavaScript", "Object-C"};     private int[] pre = {20, 30, 10, 10, 10, 20};     private PieView pieView;      @Override     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);         setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);          pieView = (PieView) findViewById(R.id.PieView);         int[] pieColor = {getResources().getColor(R.color.blue), getResources().getColor(R.color.red), getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_dark),                 getResources().getColor(R.color.dark), getResources().getColor(R.color.colorPrimary), getResources().getColor(R.color.black_alpha_light)};         for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {             Pie pie = new Pie(pre[i], arr[i], pieColor[i]);             pieArrayList.add(pie);         }         pieView.SetPie(pieArrayList);     }  }
6.完整的PieView
public class PieView extends View {      private Paint mPaint;     //饼图和矩形的距离     private final int PIE_RECT_PADDING = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.pie_rect_padding);     //矩形的宽度     private final int RECT_WIDTH = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.rect_width);     //矩形和文字的距离     private final int RECT_TEXT_PADDING = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.rect_text_padding);     //文字的大小     private final int TEXT_SIZE = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.text_size);     //文字的垂直距离     private final int TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.text_vertical_padding);     //得到文字颜色     private final int TEXT_COLOR = getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_dark);     //文字和控件顶部的距离     private float mPadding;     //饼图的半径     private int mPieRadios;     //所有数值的总和     private int mMaxValue;     //饼图开始的角度     private int mStartAngle;     //文字的宽度     private int mTextWidth;     //控件半高     private int mControlHalfHeight;     //当前索引     private int mCurrentIndex;     //左边距     private int mRectMarginLeft;     private int mTextMarginLeft;     //当前颜色     private int mCurrentColor;     //圆的范围     private RectF oval;     //最长的字符串     private String mMaxString;      private List<Integer> mPieColorList;     private List<Integer> mPieValue;     private List<String> mStringList;     private ArrayList<Pie> mPieArrayList;      private RectF rect;      public PieView(Context context) {         this(context, null);     }      public PieView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {         this(context, attrs, 0);     }      public PieView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {         super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);         init();     }      private void init() {         mPieColorList = new ArrayList<>();         mPieValue = new ArrayList<>();         mStringList = new ArrayList<>();         mPaint = new Paint();         mMaxString = "";         mPaint.setColor(Color.BLACK);         mPaint.setStrokeWidth(10);//画笔宽度         mPaint.setAntiAlias(true);//抗锯齿     }      @Override     protected void onSizeChanged(int width, int height, int oldWidth, int oldHeight) {         super.onSizeChanged(width, height, oldWidth, oldHeight);         mTextWidth = (int) mPaint.measureText(mMaxString);         mControlHalfHeight = height / 2;         //饼图半径         mPieRadios = mControlHalfHeight - 5;         //控件内容宽度         int contentWidth = mPieRadios * 2 + PIE_RECT_PADDING + RECT_WIDTH + RECT_TEXT_PADDING + mTextWidth;         //内容的左边距         int contentMarginLeft = (width - contentWidth) / 2;         //矩形的左边距         mRectMarginLeft = contentMarginLeft + mPieRadios * 2 + PIE_RECT_PADDING;         //文字的左边距         mTextMarginLeft = mRectMarginLeft + RECT_WIDTH + RECT_TEXT_PADDING;         //文字和控件顶部的距离         mPadding = height / mPieArrayList.size() * 0.8f;         oval = new RectF(contentMarginLeft, mControlHalfHeight - mPieRadios,                 contentMarginLeft + mPieRadios * 2, mControlHalfHeight + mPieRadios);     }      /**      * @param pieArrayList      */     public void SetPie(ArrayList<Pie> pieArrayList) {         mPieArrayList = pieArrayList;         for (Pie mPie : mPieArrayList) {             mPieColorList.add(mPie.PieColor);             mPieValue.add(mPie.PieValue);             mStringList.add(mPie.PieString);             if (mMaxString.length() > mPie.PieString.length())                 mMaxString = mPie.PieString;         }          //使用postInvalidate可以直接在主线程中更新界面         postInvalidate();     }      @Override     protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {         super.onDraw(canvas);          mStartAngle = -90;         mCurrentIndex = 0;         mMaxValue = 100;         mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);          for (int i = 0; i < mPieValue.size(); i++) {             mCurrentColor = mPieColorList.get(mCurrentIndex);             Log.i("mCurrentColor", "onDraw: " + mCurrentColor);             drawPie(canvas, mPieValue.get(mCurrentIndex));             drawRect(canvas);             drawText(canvas, mStringList.get(mCurrentIndex));             mCurrentIndex++;         }     }      /**      * 绘制饼图      *      * @param canvas      * @param amount      */     private void drawPie(Canvas canvas, int amount) {         mPaint.setColor(mCurrentColor);         mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);         int angle = (int) (360f * amount / mMaxValue);         Log.d("angle", "drawPie: " + angle);         canvas.drawArc(oval, mStartAngle, angle, true, mPaint);         mStartAngle += angle;     }      /**      * 绘制矩形      *      * @param canvas      */     private void drawRect(Canvas canvas) {         if (mCurrentIndex == 0) {             rect = new RectF(mRectMarginLeft, mPadding, mRectMarginLeft + RECT_WIDTH, mPadding + RECT_WIDTH);             canvas.drawRect(rect, mPaint);         } else {             rect = new RectF(mRectMarginLeft, (mCurrentIndex) * TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING + mPadding, mRectMarginLeft + RECT_WIDTH, (mCurrentIndex) * TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING + mPadding + RECT_WIDTH);             canvas.drawRect(rect, mPaint);         }     }      /**      * 绘画文字      *      * @param canvas      * @param text      */     private void drawText(Canvas canvas, String text) {         mPaint.setColor(TEXT_COLOR);         if (mCurrentIndex == 0) {             canvas.drawText(text, mTextMarginLeft, mPadding + TEXT_SIZE * 0.8f - 5, mPaint);         } else {             canvas.drawText(text, mTextMarginLeft, (mCurrentIndex) * TEXT_VERTICAL_PADDING + mPadding + TEXT_SIZE * 0.8f - 5, mPaint);         }     }      @Override     public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {         if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {             float x = event.getX();             float y = event.getY();             Log.e("",x+"-----------");         }         return  true;     } }
7.其他文件

colors.xml

    <color name="dark">#0097a7</color>     <color name="grey">#e0e0e0</color>     <color name="gray_dark">#666666</color>     <color name="black_alpha_light">#3c3f41</color>     <color name="black_light">#383838</color>     <color name="blue">#03a9f4</color>     <color name="red">#ff4081</color>

dimens.xml

    <dimen name="fab_margin">16dp</dimen>     <dimen name="pie_rect_padding">30dp</dimen>     <dimen name="rect_text_padding">6dp</dimen>     <dimen name="rect_width">15dp</dimen>     <dimen name="text_size">18sp</dimen>     <dimen name="text_vertical_padding">25dp</dimen>

这样一个简单的饼形图绘制就算完成了。
—END

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