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每日一博 | 利用 pgpool 实现 PostgreSQL 高可用

基于流复制的方式,两节点自动切换:

1、单pgpool

a.环境:

pgpool:192.168.238.129 data1:192.168.238.130 data2:192.168.238.131

b.图例

每日一博 | 利用 pgpool 实现 PostgreSQL 高可用

c.配置互信

ssh-copy-id ha@node1 ssh-copy-id ha@node2

        d.数据库节点配置,请参照《 使用pg_basebackup搭建PostgreSQL流复制环境

》。

e.pgpool配置:

listen_addresses = '*' backend_hostname0 = 'node1' backend_port0 = 5432 backend_weight0 = 1 backend_data_directory0 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data' backend_flag0 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'  backend_hostname1 = 'node2' backend_port1 = 5432 backend_weight1 = 1 backend_data_directory1 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data' backend_flag1 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'  enable_pool_hba = on pool_passwd = 'pool_passwd'  pid_file_name = '/home/ha/pgpool/pgpool.pid' logdir = '/home/ha/pgpool/log'  health_check_period = 1 health_check_user = 'ha' health_check_password = 'ha'  failover_command = '/home/ha/pgdb/fail.sh %H'  recovery_user = 'ha' recovery_password = 'ha'

f.fail.sh

# Failover command for streaming replication. # This script assumes that DB node 0 is primary, and 1 is standby. # # If standby goes down, do nothing. If primary goes down, create a # trigger file so that standby takes over primary node. # # Arguments: $1: failed node id. $2: new master hostname. $3: path to # trigger file.  new_master=$1 trigger_command="/home/ha/pgdb/bin/pg_ctl -D /home/ha/pgdb/data promote -m fast"  # Do nothing if standby goes down. if [ $failed_node = 1 ]; then         exit 0; fi  # Create the trigger file. /usr/bin/ssh -T $new_master $trigger_command  exit 0;

g.建立pool_passwd

pg_md5 -m -p -u postgres pool_passwd

PS:在9.1之前一直用的是trigger_file,这里建议用promote -m fast的方式,因为

pg_ctl promote -m fast will skip the checkpoint at end of recovery so that we can achieve very fast failover when the apply delay is low. Write new WAL record XLOG_END_OF_RECOVERY to allow us to switch timeline correctly for downstream log readers. If we skip synchronous end of recovery checkpoint we request a normal spread checkpoint so that the window of re-recovery is low. Simon Riggs and Kyotaro Horiguchi, with input from Fujii Masao. Review by Heikki Linnakangas

h.测试

pgpool节点

[ha@node0 pgdb]$ pgpool -n -d > /tmp/pgpool.log 2>&1 & [1] 22928 [ha@node0 pgdb]$ psql -h 192.168.238.129 -p 9999 -d postgres -U ha Password for user ha:  psql (9.4.5) Type "help" for help.  postgres=# insert into test values (8); INSERT 0 1 postgres=# select * from test ;  id  ----   1   2   3   4   6   8 (6 rows)

node1节点:

[ha@localhost pgdb]$ ps -ef | grep post root       2124      1  0 Dec26 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/postfix/master postfix    2147   2124  0 Dec26 ?        00:00:00 qmgr -l -t fifo -u postfix   13295   2124  0 06:01 ?        00:00:00 pickup -l -t fifo -u ha        13395      1  0 06:06 pts/3    00:00:00 /home/ha/pgdb/bin/postgres ha        13397  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: checkpointer process    ha        13398  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: writer process    ha        13399  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal writer process    ha        13400  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process    ha        13401  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: stats collector process    ha        13404  13395  0 06:07 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal sender process rep 192.168.238.131(59415) streaming 0/21000060 ha        13418   4087  0 06:07 pts/3    00:00:00 grep post [ha@localhost pgdb]$ kill -9 13395

pgpool节点:

postgres=# insert into test values (8); server closed the connection unexpectedly  This probably means the server terminated abnormally  before or while processing the request. The connection to the server was lost. Attempting reset: Succeeded. postgres=# insert into test values (8); INSERT 0 1 postgres=# insert into test values (8); INSERT 0 1 postgres=# select * from test ;  id  ----   1   2   3   4   6   8   8   8 (8 rows)

2.两个pgpool节点

a.环境

pgpool:192.168.238.129  pgpool:192.168.238.131 node1:192.168.238.130 node2:192.168.238.131

b.图例

每日一博 | 利用 pgpool 实现 PostgreSQL 高可用

c.配置互信,同上。

d.数据库节点配置,同上。

e.pgpool配置

node1

f.配置pgpool(主)

listen_addresses = '*' backend_hostname0 = 'node1' backend_port0 = 5432 backend_weight0 = 1 backend_data_directory0 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data/' backend_flag0 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER' backend_hostname1 = 'node2' backend_port1 = 5432 backend_weight1 = 1 backend_data_directory1 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data/' backend_flag1 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER' enable_pool_hba = on authentication pool_passwd = 'pool_passwd' pid_file_name = '/home/ha/pgpool/pgpool.pid' logdir = '/tmp/log' master_slave_mode = on master_slave_sub_mode = 'stream' sr_check_period =2 sr_check_user = 'ha' sr_check_password = 'ha' health_check_period = 1 health_check_timeout = 20 health_check_user = 'ha' health_check_password = 'ha' failover_command = '/home/ha/pgpool/fail.sh %H' recovery_user = 'ha' recovery_password = 'ha' use_watchdog = on wd_hostname = 'node1'    #本端 delegate_IP = '192.168.238.151' #利用ifconfig,查看网卡 if_up_cmd = 'ifconfig eth1:0 inet $_IP_$ netmask 255.255.255.0' if_down_cmd = 'ifconfig eth1:0 down' heartbeat_destination0 = 'node2' #对端 heartbeat_device0 = 'eth0' other_pgpool_hostname0 = 'node2' #对端 other_pgpool_port0 =9999 other_wd_port0 = 9000

g.配置pgpool(从)

ssh-copy-id ha@node1 ssh-copy-id ha@node2

0

h.fail.sh

ssh-copy-id ha@node1 ssh-copy-id ha@node2

1             i.建立pool_passwd

ssh-copy-id ha@node1 ssh-copy-id ha@node2

2

j.测试

ssh-copy-id ha@node1 ssh-copy-id ha@node2

3

原文  http://my.oschina.net/Suregogo/blog/552765?fromerr=0gHsZsli

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