Back in Xcode 4 days, Apple’s file template for unit tests was awkward and bloated.So I made my own.
Fast-forward 5 years to Xcode 7.3. I’m starting to write Swift. The first thing I want is unit tests — let’s create a new test suite. I look in Xcode’s file template library. Where’s the Swift unit testing template?
Where is it? Apple didn’t provide one?
Fine. I made my own.
What’s in Apple’s template (when there is one)?
What’s in a good unit testing template? When I create a new test suite from a template, what do I want?
I don’t want to have to delete anything.
Apple is fond of filling their templates with tutorial cruft. In their Objective-C unit testing template, they have:
- A file comment block
- An empty setUp
- An empty tearDown
- An empty test case
- An empty performance test
I say “empty” but every empty method includes explanatory comments!
The first thing I do when I use Apple’s templates is delete everything. I don’t need a tutorial, I need the least code that works .
Apple figured out in Xcode 5 that an Objective-C test suite doesn’t need a header file. Unfortunately, their template is still stuffed with cruft . That’s why I continue to use my own test template for Objective-C.
There is one thing I want: a single failing test. That helps me ensure that I’ve set up the test suite correctly. Once I verify the expected failure, I delete the test . The empty suite is then ready for new tests.
No Swift unit testing template? Okay, use this
Why hasn’t Apple included a template for Swift unit testing? I have no idea. No matter, I made my own.
Someday, they will include a template. When that day comes, what will it contain? Judging from their Objective-C template, it’ll have cruft. You’ll either spend time deleting it, or you’ll leave it in place, bogging down your codebase.
Let’s move faster, and keep our code lean! Download my Swift unit testing template . (Objective-C template also included.)
You’ll also want Swift code snippets for writing unit tests: new test, setUp, tearDown, outlets and actions, etc. Get those code snippets here .