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使用Protostuff序列化

rpc调用,有多种序列化的方式,通用如json,mongodb使用的bson;java方面的,比如Java默认的序列化,比如hessian;还有跨语言的,比如thrift、protocolbuf。thrift和pb的好处是序列化后size比较小,但是缺点是得生成java代码,这个挺鸡肋的,所以不管二者运行时效率有多高,开发效率相对比较低的。像hessian,是有一些在用,但是感觉不如pb那样强大。所以也一直在寻找运行效率与开发效率兼得的序列化方式。偶尔在网上看到protostuff,觉得找到了一直在找的这种序列化方式。

protostuff简介

protobuf的一个缺点是需要数据结构的预编译过程,首先要编写.proto格式的配置文件,再通过protobuf提供的工具生成各种语言响应的代码。由于java具有反射和动态代码生成的能力,这个预编译过程不是必须的,可以在代码执行时来实现。有 protostuff 已经实现了这个功能。

protostuff效率

  • Ser Time+Deser Time (ns)

  • Size, Compressed size [light] in bytes

使用

pom依赖

        <dependency>             <groupId>com.dyuproject.protostuff</groupId>             <artifactId>protostuff-core</artifactId>             <version>1.0.8</version>         </dependency>         <dependency>             <groupId>com.dyuproject.protostuff</groupId>             <artifactId>protostuff-runtime</artifactId>             <version>1.0.8</version>         </dependency>

工具类

public class SerializationUtil {      private static Map<Class<?>, Schema<?>> cachedSchema = new ConcurrentHashMap<Class<?>, Schema<?>>();      private static Objenesis objenesis = new ObjenesisStd(true);      private static <T> Schema<T> getSchema(Class<T> clazz) {         @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")         Schema<T> schema = (Schema<T>) cachedSchema.get(clazz);         if (schema == null) {             schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clazz);             if (schema != null) {                 cachedSchema.put(clazz, schema);             }         }         return schema;     }      /**      * 序列化      *      * @param obj      * @return      */     public static <T> byte[] serializer(T obj) {         @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")         Class<T> clazz = (Class<T>) obj.getClass();         LinkedBuffer buffer = LinkedBuffer.allocate(LinkedBuffer.DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE);         try {             Schema<T> schema = getSchema(clazz);             return ProtostuffIOUtil.toByteArray(obj, schema, buffer);         } catch (Exception e) {             throw new IllegalStateException(e.getMessage(), e);         } finally {             buffer.clear();         }     }      /**      * 反序列化      *      * @param data      * @param clazz      * @return      */     public static <T> T deserializer(byte[] data, Class<T> clazz) {         try {             T obj = objenesis.newInstance(clazz);             Schema<T> schema = getSchema(clazz);             ProtostuffIOUtil.mergeFrom(data, obj, schema);             return obj;         } catch (Exception e) {             throw new IllegalStateException(e.getMessage(), e);         }     } }

基于netty的rpc

  • NettyServer

public class NettyServer {      private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(NettyServer.class);      private int ioThreadNum;      //内核为此套接口排队的最大连接个数,对于给定的监听套接口,内核要维护两个队列,未链接队列和已连接队列大小总和最大值     private int backlog;      private int port;      private Channel channel;     private EventLoopGroup bossGroup;     private EventLoopGroup workerGroup;      public NettyServer(int ioThreadNum, int backlog, int port) {         this.ioThreadNum = ioThreadNum;         this.backlog = backlog;         this.port = port;     }      public void start() throws InterruptedException {         bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();         workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(this.ioThreadNum);         final Map<String,Object> demoService = new HashMap<String, Object>();         demoService.put("com.patterncat.service.HelloService", new HelloServiceImpl());          ServerBootstrap serverBootstrap = new ServerBootstrap();         serverBootstrap.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)                 .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)                 .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, backlog)                 //注意是childOption                 .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true)                 .childOption(ChannelOption.TCP_NODELAY, true)                 .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {                     @Override                     protected void initChannel(SocketChannel socketChannel) throws Exception {                         socketChannel.pipeline()                                 .addLast(new RpcDecoder(RpcRequest.class))                                 .addLast(new RpcEncoder(RpcResponse.class))                                 .addLast(new ServerRpcHandler(demoService));                     }                 });          channel = serverBootstrap.bind("127.0.0.1",port).sync().channel();          logger.info("NettyRPC server listening on port "+ port + " and ready for connections...");          Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread(){             @Override             public void run(){                 //do shutdown staff             }         });     }      public void stop() {         if (null == channel) {             throw new ServerStopException();         }         bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();         workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();         channel.closeFuture().syncUninterruptibly();         bossGroup = null;         workerGroup = null;         channel = null;     } }
  • ServerRpcHandler

public class ServerRpcHandler extends SimpleChannelInboundHandler<RpcRequest> {      private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ServerRpcHandler.class);      private final Map<String, Object> serviceMapping;      public ServerRpcHandler(Map<String, Object> serviceMapping) {         this.serviceMapping = serviceMapping;     }      @Override     protected void channelRead0(ChannelHandlerContext channelHandlerContext, RpcRequest rpcRequest) throws Exception {         RpcResponse response = new RpcResponse();         response.setTraceId(rpcRequest.getTraceId());         try {             logger.info("server handle request:{}",rpcRequest);             Object result = handle(rpcRequest);             response.setResult(result);         } catch (Throwable t) {             response.setError(t);         }         channelHandlerContext.writeAndFlush(response);     }      private Object handle(RpcRequest request) throws Throwable {         String className = request.getClassName();         Object serviceBean = serviceMapping.get(className);          Class<?> serviceClass = serviceBean.getClass();         String methodName = request.getMethodName();         Class<?>[] parameterTypes = request.getParameterTypes();         Object[] parameters = request.getParameters();          FastClass serviceFastClass = FastClass.create(serviceClass);         FastMethod serviceFastMethod = serviceFastClass.getMethod(methodName, parameterTypes);         return serviceFastMethod.invoke(serviceBean, parameters);     }      @Override     public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) {         logger.error(cause.getMessage(), cause);         RpcResponse response = new RpcResponse();         if(cause instanceof ServerException){             response.setTraceId(((ServerException) cause).getTraceId());         }         response.setError(cause);         ctx.writeAndFlush(response);     } }
  • NettyClient

public class NettyClient implements IClient {      private EventLoopGroup workerGroup;     private Channel channel;      private int workerGroupThreads;      private ClientRpcHandler clientRpcHandler;      private final Optional<Pair<Long,TimeUnit>> NO_TIMEOUT = Optional.<Pair<Long,TimeUnit>>absent();      public NettyClient(int workerGroupThreads) {         this.workerGroupThreads = workerGroupThreads;     }      public void connect(InetSocketAddress socketAddress) {         workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(workerGroupThreads);         clientRpcHandler = new ClientRpcHandler();         Bootstrap bootstrap = new Bootstrap();         bootstrap                 .group(workerGroup)                 .channel(NioSocketChannel.class)                 .option(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true)                 .option(ChannelOption.TCP_NODELAY, true)                 .handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {                     @Override                     protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {                         ch.pipeline()                                 .addLast(new RpcDecoder(RpcResponse.class))                                 .addLast(new RpcEncoder(RpcRequest.class))                                 .addLast(clientRpcHandler);                     }                 });         channel = bootstrap.connect(socketAddress.getAddress().getHostAddress(), socketAddress.getPort())                 .syncUninterruptibly()                 .channel();     }      public RpcResponse syncSend(RpcRequest request) throws InterruptedException {         System.out.println("send request:"+request);         channel.writeAndFlush(request).sync();         return clientRpcHandler.send(request,NO_TIMEOUT);     }      public RpcResponse asyncSend(RpcRequest request,TimeUnit timeUnit,long timeout) throws InterruptedException {         channel.writeAndFlush(request);         return clientRpcHandler.send(request, Optional.of(Pair.of(timeout,timeUnit)));     }      public InetSocketAddress getRemoteAddress() {         SocketAddress remoteAddress = channel.remoteAddress();         if (!(remoteAddress instanceof InetSocketAddress)) {             throw new RuntimeException("Get remote address error, should be InetSocketAddress");         }         return (InetSocketAddress) remoteAddress;     }      public void close() {         if (null == channel) {             throw new ClientCloseException();         }         workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();         channel.closeFuture().syncUninterruptibly();         workerGroup = null;         channel = null;     } }
  • ClientRpcHandler

@ChannelHandler.Sharable public class ClientRpcHandler extends SimpleChannelInboundHandler<RpcResponse> {      //用blocking queue主要是用阻塞的功能,省的自己加锁     private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, BlockingQueue<RpcResponse>> responseMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, BlockingQueue<RpcResponse>>();       //messageReceived     @Override     protected void channelRead0(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, RpcResponse rpcResponse) throws Exception {         System.out.println("receive response:"+rpcResponse);         BlockingQueue<RpcResponse> queue = responseMap.get(rpcResponse.getTraceId());         queue.add(rpcResponse);     }      @Override     public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) throws Exception {         super.exceptionCaught(ctx, cause);         cause.printStackTrace();     }      public RpcResponse send(RpcRequest request,Optional<Pair<Long,TimeUnit>> timeout) throws InterruptedException {         responseMap.putIfAbsent(request.getTraceId(), new LinkedBlockingQueue<RpcResponse>(1));         RpcResponse response = null;         try {             BlockingQueue<RpcResponse> queue = responseMap.get(request.getTraceId());             if(timeout == null || !timeout.isPresent()){                 response = queue.take();             }else{                 response = queue.poll(timeout.get().getKey(),timeout.get().getValue());             }         } finally {             responseMap.remove(request.getTraceId());         }         return response;     } }
  • decoder

public class RpcDecoder extends ByteToMessageDecoder {      private Class<?> genericClass;      public RpcDecoder(Class<?> genericClass) {         this.genericClass = genericClass;     }      @Override     protected void decode(ChannelHandlerContext channelHandlerContext, ByteBuf byteBuf, List<Object> list) throws Exception {         if (byteBuf.readableBytes() < 4) {             return;         }         byteBuf.markReaderIndex();         int dataLength = byteBuf.readInt();         if (dataLength < 0) {             channelHandlerContext.close();         }         if (byteBuf.readableBytes() < dataLength) {             byteBuf.resetReaderIndex();         }         byte[] data = new byte[dataLength];         byteBuf.readBytes(data);          Object obj = SerializationUtil.deserializer(data, genericClass);         list.add(obj);     } }
  • encoder

public class RpcEncoder extends MessageToByteEncoder {      private Class<?> genericClass;      public RpcEncoder(Class<?> genericClass) {         this.genericClass = genericClass;     }      @Override     protected void encode(ChannelHandlerContext channelHandlerContext, Object obj, ByteBuf byteBuf) throws Exception {         if (genericClass.isInstance(obj)) {             byte[] data = SerializationUtil.serializer(obj);             byteBuf.writeInt(data.length);             byteBuf.writeBytes(data);         }     } }

工程源码 protocol-demo

参考

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